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Components of Vaccines

Vaccines are made with a variety of ingredients including antigens, stabilizers, adjuvants, and preservatives; they may also contain residual by-products from the production process. Knowing

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Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19)

hree COVID-19 vaccines are authorized in the United States: two messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) vaccines (Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna) and one viral vector vaccine (J&J).

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Do Vaccines Cause Asthma?

Conclusion Natural infection with influenza can contribute to asthma exacerbation. Thus, influenza vaccine prevents asthma exacerbation by protecting against natural infection. Vaccines currently routinely recommended

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Do Vaccines Cause Ataxia?

Conclusion Natural mumps and varicella infections are associated with acute cerebellar ataxia. Thus, mumps and varicella vaccines prevent ataxia by protecting against natural infection. Vaccines

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Do Vaccines Cause Bell’s Palsy?

Conclusion Natural infections with varicella, tetanus and diphtheria have each been associated with Bell’s Palsy. Thus, varicella, tetanus and diphtheria vaccines prevent Bell’s Palsy by

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Do Vaccines Cause Diabetes?

Conclusion Vaccines currently routinely recommended to the general population in the U.S.* do not cause diabetes. Epidemiological Evidence The 2012 report by the Institute of Medicine (IOM)

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Do Vaccines Cause Hepatitis?

Conclusion Natural infection with hepatitis viruses is known to cause hepatitis disease. Natural infection with measles, mumps, rubella and varicella viruses have also been associated

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Do Vaccines Cause Herpes Zoster?

Conclusion Varicella vaccines can rarely cause herpes zoster due to vaccine-strain viral reactivation. Other vaccines currently routinely recommended to the general population in the U.S.* do not cause vaccine-strain

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Do Vaccines Cause Multiple Sclerosis?

Conclusion Influenza vaccines do not cause multiple sclerosis (MS). Other vaccines currently routinely recommended to the general population in the U.S.* have not been shown to cause MS. Epidemiological

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Do Vaccines Cause Narcolepsy?

Conclusion The AS03-adjuvanted 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza vaccine (trade name: PandemrixTM) was associated with an increased risk of narcolepsy in several northern European countries. In

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Do Vaccines Cause Syncope?

Conclusion Vaccines currently routinely recommended to the general population in the U.S.41F* can rarely cause syncope up to an hour after vaccination, most frequently among

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Haemophilus influenzae type b

Recommendations from the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) Infants All infants without contraindications should receive the conjugate Hib vaccine series; either as 3 doses

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Hepatitis A

Infants All infants without contraindications should receive two doses of hepatitis A vaccine (trade names: Havrix®, Vaqta®) between 12-23 months of age. Doses should be

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Hepatitis B

ACIP Recs | Disease | Vaccine | References | VIS | WHO modules  Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) Recommendations Infants All medically stable infants weighing ≥2,000 grams without contraindications should receive the first dose

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Human Papillomavirus

ACIP Recs | Disease | Vaccine | References | VIS | WHO modules Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) Recommendations Adolescents and Adults All males and females without contraindications ages 11-12 years should receive two doses

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Influenza

ACIP Recs | Disease | Vaccine | References | VIS live | VIS inactivated Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) Recommendations All Age Groups All persons without contraindications who are at least 6 months of age

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Introduction

This site contains useful information on vaccines that are routinely recommended for most children, adolescents, adults and pregnant women in the United States. This information

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Measles, Mumps and Rubella

ACIP Recs | Disease | Vaccine | References | VIS | WHO modulesAdvisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) Recommendations Infants and Children• All children without contraindications should receive two doses of measles-mumps-rubella combination vaccine (abbreviation:

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Meningococcal

ACIP Recs | Disease | Vaccine | References | VIS ACWY | VIS MenB | WHO modules  Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) Recommendations Adolescents• All adolescents 11-18 years of age without contraindications should receive two doses

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Monitoring Vaccine Safety

Safety standards for vaccines are very high given they are used among healthy persons for prevention rather than treatment and it is often difficult to

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Pneumococcal

ACIP Recs | Disease | Vaccine | References | VIS Conjugate | VIS Polysaccharide | WHO modulesAdvisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) Recommendations Infants• All infants without contraindications should receive four doses of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (abbreviation:

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Polio

ACIP Recs | Disease | Vaccine | References | VIS | WHO modules Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) Recommendations Infants and Children• All infants without contraindications should receive 3 doses of inactivated polio vaccine (abbreviation:

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Religion and Vaccines

The practices and beliefs of various religious groups can seemingly be in conflict with some of the components of some vaccines. The information below touches on some of these topics and provides links to articles and webpages expanding on these issues.

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Rotavirus

ACIP Recs | Disease | Vaccine | References | VIS | WHO modules  Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) Recommendations Infants and Children• All infants without contraindications should receive the rotavirus vaccine series; consisting of

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Tetanus, Diphtheria and Pertussis

ACIP Recs | Disease | Vaccine | Sources & References | VIS (DTaP) VIS(Tdap)  VIS(Td) | WHO modulesAdvisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) Recommendations Infants and Children• All infants without contraindications should receive three doses of the

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Vaccine Exemptions

It is law in all US states that children be properly immunized before attending school. However, in addition to medical exemptions offered in each state, the vast majority of states allow for religious exemptions and various states allow personal belief exemptions for daycare and school.

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Vaccines and Breastfeeding

Smallpox and yellow fever vaccinations should not be given to women who are currently breastfeeding. Both vaccine viruses have been transmitted to infants from breastfeeding

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Vaccines and Pregnancy

Below is a table summarizing the recommended use of vaccines during pregnancy in the U.S. Included in this table is information most relevant to women

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Varicella / Shingles / Herpes Zoster

ACIP Recs | Disease | Vaccine | References | VIS | WHO modules  Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) RecommendationsInfants and Children• All children without contraindications should receive two doses of varicella vaccine (trade name:

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